Each of these books can be read alone or used as a “set”, or a series constituting a ‘Food Security & Livelihoods kit’, as follows: The books address a variety of audiences including the international humanitarian However, CARE uses a methodological framework in which the concept of ‘household livelihood security’ is the central feature. A central notion is that different households have differ-ent access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand. h�bb������8�f�;��1�G�c4>F�h|��% � 9� The livelihoods framework provides a tool for analysing people's livelihoods and the impact of specific threats or shocks on livelihood vulnerability. 866 27 These case-studies An SL based analysis of the main livelihood groups will be helpful in identifying where and how Government may intervene. The results of this initial assessment are meant to inform the design of first -phase responses, in the first six to eight weeks after a … 0000143503 00000 n Resilience is an increasingly popular framework for thinking about rural development, particularly among development agencies, policy makers, and practitioners. Part two: Literature Review and Analytical framework: Land as livelihood 18 2.1. The sustainable livelihoods framework in 3.1.1 is an effort to conceptualise livelihoods in a holistic way, capturing the many complexities of livelihoods, and the constraints and opportunities that they are subjected to. 892 0 obj <>stream This response to the HFA Mid-term review process is a joint According to Oxfam’s resilience framework, resilient development can strengthen absorptive, adaptive, and/or transformative capacities (see “Oxfam on Resilience,” below). A common livelihoods framework that is used to determine whether and what type of livelihoods programming is appropriate is the ‘sustainable Oxfam state that “A livelihood comprise the capabilities, assets and activitie s required for a means of living. Oxfam has used elements of Chambers & Conway's original sustainable livelihoods framework as a kind of checklist in project appraisal, planning and review. Asecond key feature is that it is participatory. The link takes the user to a page on the Oxfam website with an overview of the toolkit and a button to download the toolkits, and other resources are listed at the bottom of the page. DFID sustainable livelihoods guidance sheets Author: DFID Year: 1999 Resource type: Official. The livelihoods principles and framework form the basis of all livelihoods programming. WOMEN’S REFUGEE COMMISSION vi Confl ict can have a profound and long-term negative impact on livelihoods. The Reference Framework for Sustainable Livelihoods is an analytical tool th at should help us to satisfactorily deal with problems in this domain depending upon their con- 25 | March 2017 Oxfam India, through its rights-based framework, has been working towards strengthening livelihoods of forest communities. The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities and shows how they relate to one another. %%EOF initiatives throughout Oxfam (See Annex 3 for more information on the Knowledge Hub on Women’s Economic Empowerment in Agriculture). 3 Oxfam Novib’s Support for Food Security Activities 19 4. OXFAM IN ACTION Addressing Energy Poverty through Renewable Energy in Odisha no. Background: Pipes among Pipelines 24 Part Three: Findings: Assessment of Impacts 29 3.1. 0000004097 00000 n As a whole, this set of Guidance Sheets attempts to summarise and share emerging thinking on the sustainable livelihoods approach. �0 �_�[�䚾��� (t�6 HR�:��"���:���]$���و�B��Rž�ʴءJ�Q!�� ��kZ��CwMad�@����K��M���f��>g�>����h�*�\ޢY��7����-� u�.' livelihood situation within the first few days after a rapid - onset disaster. UK, with no access to legitimate means of securing a livelihood, survive on a day-to-day and longer-term basis. M&S asked Oxfam to identify human rights and worker wellbeing issues in their supply chains as part of a collaborative research project. that programme staff use the sustainable livelihoods framework to draw attention to assets, and power and gender analyses, as well as tools for assessing vulnerability to address the needs of men and women living in poverty. The toolkit is in the format of a PDF, available in English of Welsh, and totals 55 A4-sized pages. endstream endobj 343 0 obj <>stream The policy framework is a platform for mobilizing and coordinating ;cߝ��X�Zd�����ͩ[�J`68w����y�������k�m�k��{/v�� �\:�����ᆑ3�'�c�����U'�N�W�ՔVb��������� �+5K Oxfam and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government. 0000136411 00000 n (Oxfam Development Guidelines) in pdf form, then you have come on to loyal site. The approach entails considering where people are, what they have, and their needs and interests. It does not offer definitive answers and guidelines. A central notion is that different households have different access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood approach aims to … startxref Those who are displaced by confl ict are forced to adopt new strate-gies to provide for themselves and their households. However, Oxfam emphasises that there are no ‘established rules’. Oxfam GB’s livelihoods approach to assessing food security in emergencies. The sustainable livelihoods approach is used because it starts off by identifying the existing assets and strategies available to the poor and from this it’s possible to identify entry points for intervention. The focus is on the needs and priorities as identified by the affected po… It draws on key strategic documents and the expertise of different Oxfam affiliates’ leading programmes which aim to promote WEE. Millions of poor and vulnerable people face hunger and poverty this year and next because of record global temperatures, droughts and erratic rains in 2014 and 2015, compounded by the development of possibly the most powerful El Niño on record. It makes use, at least semi-formally (there are no "established rules"), of a framework similar to the DFID framework (Figure 4). The two objectives of the framework are as follows: Objective 1 Secure and protect the lives, livelihoods and rights of pastoral peoples and h޴�]kTI��J_���tW�G�"E���^� �3�AɄ���֙�žJ���Pu�Tާ��T�L�)Đ2� 6�Lˁ9�JeX Z�Z(�m ��֐"�a�$�d�P8�w݁��;�X�����!�-�����(�;5��eu'���U��. in selecting the appropriate livelihoods interven-tion for their target community. A central notion is that different households have differ- ent access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand. Download full-text PDF Read full ... Oxfam GB adopted a sustainable livelihoods approach in the early 1990s. 10 OXFAM GLOBAL STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK 2020–2030 Hauwa Kyari (37) comes from Maiduguri, Nigeria and is an Oxfam Field Officer. Conceptual Framework. AUTHORS Ruzica Jacimovic consultant, FlowNet jacimovic@flownet.eu and Kristof Bostoen consultant, monitoring[4]ch∆nge kristof@monitoring4change.net With support and input from: Jonathan Parkinson previously Senior WASH Programme Development Advisor, Oxfam GHT Louise Mooney MEAL Advisor, Global Humanitarian Team, Oxfam Carol Brady previously Multi Sector Cash Programming & Market Analyst, Oxfam A central notion is that different households have different access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand. 2000). Introduction to the livelihoods framework by on Environment and Development. During the first stage, the selected papers from the GS were read and coded on the basis of the following data attributes: (1) volume/number/year; (2) location where the study was conducted, not the location of authors; (3) type of Livelihood framework discussed (e.g. 2.2 The livelihoods framework. Through its programme, Fair Sharing of Natural Resources, Oxfam … 0000105757 00000 n with its partners. <]/Prev 1078396/XRefStm 1898>> %PDF-1.6 %���� 0000001898 00000 n 0000002246 00000 n The guide contains a practical seven step framework which aims to assist Indigenous ... it is a source of livelihood, such as water for drinking, land for agriculture and livestock. framework for both analysing and addressing issues of access to resources. Oxfam’s framework Oxfam uses a livelihoods framework ‘semi-officially’ that has a lot in com-mon with the DFID framework. Improve Adaptive Strengths by building resilient livelihood and access to basic services and social safety net ... Oxfam Bangladesh, Solidarities International, HelpAge and Handicap International. The livelihood strategies and activities of poor people are often complex and diverse. The Budget: $6.5 million . The livelihood assets, It suggests that programme staff use the sustainable livelihoods framework to draw attention to assets, and power and gender analyses, as well as tools for assessing vulnerability to address the needs of men and women living in poverty. The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood op-portunities and shows how they relate to one another. CONTENT SUMMARY livelihoods technical staff with little experience of rapid . He also H�\�ώ�@�;O�Ǚ�����Ę8�����u�Z�dE�x���? ��Gc "�8�c3 ����}�L��..0�N�Z��Z��G ��,�qYͶ�K�HҤ)��3��d�iSk�>ɪ�$�g���� URm��f2��������g�i,:���͗�f9��I�3�mڝP8����?�|�a�n�%���L�����K���W�Zb!\���=�D���@�8�kY��F���5��S%��ܕÌ��s=���3���bW������:�JIn�cw)V�;��l�|���`�rz�[��������|�p�����.�����;Þ�F��m��M�? 0000133170 00000 n oxfam-gb-emergency-food-security-livelihoods-efsl-48-hr-assessment-tool. Climate change induced frequent and severe disasters have tested the life, sanity and livelihoods of residents of Magurakani Village of Atulia Union, close to the mangrove forest of Sundarban. The fundamental principles of livelihoods programming are that it is people-centred, multilevel, dynamic, and ultimately aims to achieve sustainable livelihoods4. This tool collects information on food security and livelihoods. Oxfam GB’s Global Performance Framework is part of the organisation’s effort to better understand and communicate its effectiveness, as well as enhance learning across the organisation. An SL based analysis of the main livelihood groups will be helpful in identifying where and how Government may intervene. Social norms and supply chains: A focus on child labour and waste recycling in Hlaing Tharyar, Yangon, Myanmar. The Policy Framework for Pastoralism in Africa contains guiding and cross-cutting principles, two main objectives, and a set of strategies for each objective. 0000010033 00000 n 0000005284 00000 n The SLF was integrated in its program for development cooperation in 1997. MONITORING AND EVALUATION FRAMEWORK FOR WASH MARKET-BASED HUMANITARIAN PROGRAMMING CONTENTS 1 INTRODUCTION1 1.1 Background 1 1.2 Purpose and objectives 1 1.3 Assumptions 2 1.4 Audience and format 2 2 WASH MARKET-BASED APPROACH LOGICALFRAMEWORK AND MODEL 3 2.1 Key questions 4 2.2 Applying the framework … ����/7�ġ}v��ÚNo�5ִ#�l�Q�U���'���Uu�e�� �>}�TEMe��/�Z�[=Mm�������g] g����`�P��_����G���:�ܘ�yK������6>195^��Cq?��Lٝ/��9>i����+��`����3�Ч���j�۫��>� ��,��DM/�=t���ꨨ^����Bt�v����|��� (���#��)��n��}����esh�ڋ�&%�6r���?�Sp�����3X�g��� ��Ex�:�e�����Nc_���{���uK9X�8�W�sQ�L3 9P�g �0�0a�f�� The use of this framework has implications in terms of a multi-method research approach, an extensive variety of data collection, and an in-depth data analysis. This study was carried out with funding and guidance from the organizations that %PDF-1.4 %���� A livelihoods approach simply means emergency programming aimed at supporting livelihoods, as well as saving lives. 16 February 2015. Box 5 contains some tentative thoughts on specific features of the assets/vulnerability framework which may add value to the process and content of the PRSP. ����Q�D�|�%�hS��Z�e(T@,�� f�q`.�Y‚`R��4u1�h �o��:���͈D����3�1���Vj�h�m�� El Niño: The case for urgent action. Bringing Power, Rights and Agency into the Resilience Framework Marygold Walsh-Dilley, Wendy Wolford, and James McCarthy June 17, 2013 We would like to thank our partners at Oxfam America, particularly Kimberly Pfeifer and Gina Castillo, as well as the participants of the Invited Experts’ Meeting on Resilience, hosted by 28 .3 Transforming Structures and Processes 29 .4 Livelihood Strategies 29 . 866 0 obj <> endobj The approach has been used by development agencies such as Oxfam, Danida, World Bank and the Food and Agriculture Organization. In this case development is the improvement of livelihood sustainability, perhaps by making capital less ... Oxfam Intermon Framework for WASH Humanitarian Action and DRR, 2011-2013 Oxfam Partnership Policy, 2007 ... Livelihoods (EFSVL) and other technical programmes to identify opportunities for joint working. 0000005029 00000 n 0 The investigation focused on gender equality, worker voice and in-work poverty. endstream endobj 891 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/Index[234 632]/Length 44/Size 866/Type/XRef/W[1 1 1]>>stream The Food Security Conceptual Framework 21 5 The Sustainable Livelihoods Conceptual Framework 23 .1 Vulnerability Context 23 .2 Livelihood assets. The Food Security Conceptual Framework 21 5 The Sustainable Livelihoods Conceptual Framework 23 .1 Vulnerability Context 23 .2 Livelihood assets. Livelihoods programmes, especially the technical tools that can be used within the scope of actual projects. The tools and approaches referred to in this chapter are provided in greater depth at the end of this fi eld manual in How the Sustainable Livelihoods framework has been applied by Care International. I like the job because you can help restore people’s dignity. 3 Oxfam Novib’s Support for Food Security Activities 19 4. h�\̻ In this article an adjusted Sustainable Livelihood Framework for impact assessment is developed that does justice to both. Box 5 contains some tentative thoughts on specific features of the assets/vulnerability framework which may add value to the process and content of the PRSP. hޔұNC1�_��؉�X��0�T[�P�'����ߓ�k�*�LW��;�t�Bҍ��H'�:������$Q��q.���H!�Ό�f>��7��n�{�z��֗����i��0�gr�HΔ̚ٶ|\����p~^/���+��P��;�{���uܖk��۴�f��Ym���s�� ����6�Ut��48 ?�e�S8 A livelihoods framework can be used to analyse situations where some form of intervention may be necessary. 0000011700 00000 n Analytical framework: Literature Review and Legal and Policy Framework 19 2.2. Oxfam works to ensure that vulnerable women, youth, marginalised men and other vulnerable groups in a range of Ugandan livelihood settings are economically empowered and enjoy their rights to food as well as have increased incomes. Sustainable Livelihoods Approach. endstream endobj 342 0 obj <>stream since 2007, the Policy Framework for Pastoralism in Africa is the first continent-wide policy initiative which aims to secure, protect and improve the lives, livelihoods and rights of African pastoralists. The livelihoods framework is a way of looking at the complexity of people's livelihoods, especially the livelihoods of the poor, whether they be rural or urban. 0000004346 00000 n (Frankenberger et al. For rural people, agriculture and other natural resource-based activities may play an important role, but rural households also diversify into other activities, some of which are linked to agriculture and the natural resources sector, others which are not. ��z�:���^_� o`�}/��-.):|�����w�`�Þ�? The third part of the paper uses case-studies to illustrate how Oxfam has applied its livelihoods approach in practice, and how that approach has been adapted depending on the types of livelihood in question, and the nature of the external shock. The framework is intended to inform country, multi-country and regional programming hބ�]O�0��ʹԘyz ��iܮ�{�ڐc"5-W�'���*�>��E4M���I��Hv촚9>��Y�����l���B�AZ��;c���9��i-鎂�s9� Oxfam would like to acknowledge and thank the many organisations and individuals that provided advice and guidance in preparation of this publication. 0000008381 00000 n endstream endobj 344 0 obj <>stream It seeks to understand the various dimensions of a person's livelihood; the strategies and objectives pursued, and associated opportunities and constraints. Oxfam has used elements Chambers and Conway’s original sustainable livelihoods framework as something of a checklist in project appraisal, planning and review. This is illustrated by applying the framework to a socio-economic impact study conducted for the DE … Oxfam Response to the UNISDR Mid-term Review of the Hyogo Framework for Action December 2010 Oxfam International is an international confederation of 14 organisations1 working together in more than 100 countries to find lasting solutions to poverty and injustice. G���d�38�z���y��98���y����̱�i� ����I,9x%'�Xf�+�0 ߌ� trailer 0000003341 00000 n by Luna Allison | March 5, 2012 Goal: To ... Oxfam Canada managed and coordinated the program. In particular we wish to acknowledge the advice and input from the Forest People’s Program, International Rivers, World Resources Institute, Oxfam America, Catholic Agency for Overseas Development and the Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact. 28 .3 Transforming Structures and Processes 29 .4 Livelihood Strategies 29 . The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach The sustainable livelihoods approach provides a conceptual framework for understanding the causes of poverty by analyzing the relationships between the germane factors at micro, intermediate macro levels, and prioritizing interventions (Meinzen-Dick and Adato, 2001). “I started as a volunteer and was offered (an employment) contract because I’m from this community and speak the local language. Everybody The Reference Framework for Sustainable Livelihoods is an analytical tool th at should help us to satisfactorily deal with problems in this domain depending upon their con- Livelihood Outcomes 29 6 Lobbying, Campaigning and Advocacy 31 Brief Description: The purpose of this tool is to obtain a quick understanding of the emergency food security and livelihood situation within the first few days after a rapid - onset disaster. Through focused and targeted advocacy, we also tackle the underlying policies and power imbalances that keep people in poverty. Oxfam says existing frameworks are still too abstract for field-level staff to understand, although they are valuable at program- ming and policy levels. 341 0 obj <>stream The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities and shows how they relate to one another. Oxfam Novib staff in conducting regional and national-level analyses. Impacts of the Pipeline on Land Rights 30 3.2.1. 0000009396 00000 n “A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (stores, resources, claims and ... framework which can serve as the basis for an analysis. Oxfam Canada’s “Sustainable Livelihoods and Agriculture Program” in Mozambique. 3. an overall developmental objective. Oxfam uses the concept of sustainable livelihoods but Neefjes (2000) explains that a framework is only employed at a strategic level and has been found less useful at the field level. Oxfam interviewed 390 workers across food manufacturing sites in the UK and footwear factories in India over a six-month period. Oxfam Management response to the review of Livelihoods in the Philippines: Impact evaluation of the project ‘S caling up sustainable livelihoods in Mindanao ’ (Effectiveness Review Series 2014/15) HECA Livelihoods Framework Draft 7 120521-Oxfam_HECA_Livelihoods_Framework_ver_7 Page 2 Section 1: Background and Introduction 1.1 Introduction The countries that comprise Oxfam‟s HECA region represent a wide diversity of opportunities for food security and livelihoods. We present full variation of this ebook in ePub, DjVu, PDF, doc, ... Introduction to the livelihoods framework by on Environment and Development. xref 2.6 The Sustainable Rural Livelihoods Framework (1998) 9 2.7 Natural Resources Department’s SLA initiative 10 2.8 Inter-agency working 12 2.9 ... 1993 Oxfam employs the SL approach 1994 Care adopts household livelihoods security as a framework for relief and development ... (EYW) is a five-year program (2016-2021) run by Oxfam, funded by the IKEA Foundation. However these opportunities have historically been available to only a portion of the population living in the region. sustainable livelihoods. livelihood options. 0000000854 00000 n The DFID has developed a ‘Sustainable Livelihood Framework’ (SLF) which is one of the most widely used livelihoods frameworks in development practice. Targeted agricultural policies need to seize the chance of eradicating global hunger, says IFAD, Oxfam. 0000002094 00000 n 0000037577 00000 n 0000002560 00000 n Resilience programming, whether led by civil society, governments, or communities, most often focuses on absorptive and adaptive capacities. It felt a need for a broad . 0000000016 00000 n For ease of use, all the document names in this PDF are linked. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from shock, maintain itself over time and provide the same or better opportunities for all, now and in the future.” what Oxfam in Asia means by resilience, how it is prioritised, and introduces a Theory of Change to help you develop the goals for your own work. 0000004049 00000 n In terms of food-security assessments, a livelihoods approach involves assessing the longer-term risks to livelihoods, as well as short-term nutritional or life-threatening risks. ?3�,�����:T��mv}7���xi�qrǮo�x���&�C. 0000008267 00000 n 6 November 2014 . Within this framework, Oxfam prioritizes efforts to strengthen the capacity of civil society organizations for prevention, preparation and humanitarian response, through the Emergency Food Security and Vulnerable Livelihoods (EFSVL) team. DFID, OXFAM, CARE, UNDP, IFAD and USAID); (4) subject theme (e.g. C��$�/�(����;`;��ߘ7O�q��GYG�����` ��� The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood op-portunities and shows how they relate to one another. Document. Overview of Key Findings 30 3.2. Akey feature of livelihoods analysis is that it includes an analysis of household assets, strategies, priorities and goals at micro-level, and the policies, institutions and processes that affect livelihoods at national and international level (macro-level). 0000135821 00000 n c,1K`�.��ůe�U$v�@5��m��0���G9O= In the Shadow of the Storm. 16 December 2015 . 0000135858 00000 n 0000075577 00000 n Strategies may include subsistence production or production for the market, participation in labour marketsor l… 0000009140 00000 n h޴SKLTW�3���C��1F�� �^tf�=0��!��̈^ Q6M�]M0�06iL ��T��MC\�B7m�]���s4!��|��������3� � �'`@�$��H #�@�� y��$���Sx�~�&F�|揺_��$Jl���|�*�Yq����ۗO`�3�լ�Р��Ԑ]��8鑮�Y�I���V����e3��&=�V\��|q��[Q�(-=s�z{ؔ�p����-������OIL���(��؉a In the Philippines, Oxfam, together with our local partners, are providing immediate aid and support to the most affected communities in areas affected by Covid-19 in Eastern Samar, armed conflict in Mindanao, and the succession of destructive typhoons in October and November 2020 that battered Luzon Island. 29.4 livelihood strategies 29 i like the job because you can help people! 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Only a portion of the main livelihood groups will be helpful in identifying where and how Government may.. Human rights and oxfam livelihood framework pdf wellbeing issues in their supply chains as part of a research! Eyw ) is a five-year program ( 2016-2021 ) run by Oxfam, CARE UNDP..., Oxfam emphasises that there are no ‘ established rules ’, all the document names in PDF... The document names in this PDF are linked people 's livelihoods and the Food security Conceptual framework 23.1 Context. Sustainable livelihood approach aims to achieve sustainable livelihoods4 Findings: Assessment of 29... Chains as part of a PDF, available in English of Welsh, and.! The first few days after a rapid - onset disaster on Food security and livelihoods valuable at ming! And addressing issues of access to legitimate means of securing a livelihood, survive on a day-to-day longer-term... The capabilities, assets and activitie s required for a means of.! The SLF was integrated in its program for development cooperation in 1997,! The approach entails considering where people are, what they have, and totals 55 pages. And Analytical framework: Land as livelihood 18 2.1 tool collects information Food... In their supply chains: a focus on child labour and waste recycling in Hlaing Tharyar Yangon... Canada managed and coordinated the program program- ming and policy framework 19 2.2 ultimately to. Livelihoods Conceptual framework 21 5 the sustainable livelihoods framework provides a tool for analysing 's! ” in Mozambique helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood op-portunities shows... The main livelihood groups will be helpful in identifying where and how Government may intervene policy,!: T��mv } 7���xi�qrǮo�x��� & �C necessary to design livelihood interventions that will partici-pants... Tool for analysing people 's livelihoods and the Food security Conceptual framework 23.1 Vulnerability Context 23 livelihood. 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