By comparison, the total number of maternal deaths in 2015 in the 46 most developed countries was 1700, resulting in a maternal mortality ratio of 12 maternal deaths per 100 000 live births. The fact that many people cannot afford the healthcare that they need contributes to Nigeria’s high MMR. This high level of maternal mortality is also linked to Nigeria’s high rate of deaths for children under 5—newborns account for a quarter of the under-five deaths which occur in the country. WHO works to contribute to the reduction of maternal mortality by increasing research evidence, providing evidence-based clinical and programmatic guidance, setting global standards, and providing technical support to Member States. 15–17 Nigeria needs immediate intervention to reduce her unacceptably high levels of maternal deaths. Preview EFFECT OF MALARIA ON MATERNAL MORTALITY RATE IN NIGERIA includes abstract and chapter one, complete project material available Introduction In the year 2000, the country with the highest estimated number of maternal death is India (136,000) followed by Nigeria (37,000) (World Health Organization, 2004). If Nigeria wants to reduce its high levels of maternal mortality, it has to make sure that access to healthcare is more widespread. WHO adds that poor women in remote areas are the least likely to receive adequate health care. Currently, Nigeria has the second highest burden of maternal mortality in the world and contributes about 15 percent of the annual total global deaths which represent two percent of the global population. The Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) in Nigeria was 560 per 100,000 live births in 2013. Fifteen years earlier, the figure was slightly lower at 800 deaths per 100,000. The current infant mortality rate for Nigeria in 2021 is 57.701 deaths per 1000 live births, a 2.5% decline from 2020.; The infant mortality rate for Nigeria in 2020 was 59.181 deaths per 1000 live births, a 2.44% decline from 2019. This high maternal and child mortality is a multiplier effect of the various anomalies experienced in … Environmental factors influencing maternal mortality in Zaria, Nigeria R Soc Health J. Urban women have more of an opportunity to receive healthcare than rural women do. This high level of maternal mortality is also linked to Nigeria’s high rate of deaths for children under 5—newborns account for a quarter of the under-five deaths which occur in the country. The Nigerian’s maternal mortality rates of 350 per 100,000 and 120 for 1,000 live birth is still very high compared to the regional average and other developed countries [19]. Since contraceptive use is still stigmatized, many brides under the age of 18 are forced to give birth, and their bodies are very vulnerable to complications, therefore contributing to a high maternal mortality rate. Approximately two million women live with an untreated obstetric fistula in Sub-Saharan Africa and in Asia, and women with fistulas suffer incontinence, social segregation and health issues. Most maternal death reviews in Nigeria are isolated research based reports from a single health facility. Objectives: To determine the incidence and causes of maternal mortality as well as its temporal distribution over the last decade (1990–1999).Study design: All maternal deaths recorded within the study period in the State of Kano, Northern Nigeria, were analyzed. At first glance, it appears that maternal mortality increased between 1983 and 1990, but in reality differences between the two estimates is almost certainly a reflection of the alternative strategies used for estimation (World Health Organization and United Nations Children 's Fund, 1996). Nigeria also has a high fertility rate—five children per woman in 2014—which also impacts the MMR. Fistulas are more common in women who give birth at a young age. CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.0 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Maternal mortality, also known a maternal death, continues to be the major cause of death among women of reproductive age in many countries and remains a serious public health issue especially in developing countries (WHO 2007). Background: The under-5 mortality rate in many developing countries has shown little or no improvement over the years. Nigeria presently has about 512 maternal mortality per 100,000 live births, making it the worst in the world, according to the Health Minister, Prof. Osagie Ehanire. The supplement helps readers understand the reasons for the high intra-hospital deaths associated with pregnancy-related complications. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Maternal mortality remains the leading cause of death and disability for reproductive age women in resource poor countries. Many of these traditional birth attendants do not have the skills and training necessary for delivering a baby—for example, many are not able to perform C-sections—and for treating complications that can occur during birth. At this time, we are especially working with partners to prevent the spread of diseases. Moreover, maternity care and the underlying health system experience challenges in reducing avoidable deaths and promoting health and well-being. This is because some hospitals in Nigeria have substandard care. This is especially true for regions with low numbers of skilled health workers, such as sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. The major causes of childhood mortality in Nigeria include malaria (30%), vaccine preventable diseases (22%), diarrhea (19%), acute respiratory tract infections (16%), etc., with malnutrition underlying about 60% of these childhood deaths. In Nigeria, more than 70 percent of maternal deaths occur due to five major complications: haemorrhage, infection, unsafe abortion, hypertensive disease of pregnancy and obstructed labour. Globally in 2015, births in the richest 20 per cent of households were more than twice as likely to be attended by skilled health personnel as those in the poorest 20 per cent of households (89 per cent versus 43 per cent). The impact of a mother’s death on child outcomes is likely severe but has not been well quantified (Oestergaard, et al., 2011). The study will be delimited to the effect of maternal mortality rate of women of child bearing age between the age of 20 – 40 years in Kutungare Igabi West Local Government area of Kaduna State Nigeria. Sources: UNICEF, WHO 1 WHO 2, WHO 3, WHO 3, Global One Girls not Brides, IRIN News CIA World Factbook In fact, a Nigerian woman has a 1 in 22 lifetime risk of dying during pregnancy, childbirth or postpartum/post-abortion; whereas in the most developed countries, the lifetime risk is 1 in 4900. INTRODUCTION. Nigeria maternal mortality rate for 2015 was 931.00, a 1.27% decline from 2014. Fistulas are directly connected to obstructed labor, a problem that contributes to high levels of maternal mortality. 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