Today’s life is mixed up with stress in all its aspects (5, 6). Theories on stress - Introduction On January, the 20th 2014, the 44th Seminar of the Interdisciplinary Research Program on the relationships between organized work and health “Organization and Well-being”: Well-being, Prevention, Stress has been held at the University of Bologna. Lets take a moment to understand this topic more. Stress may be defined as a nonspecific response to perceived environmental threats (called stressors). Stress Response Theories. They explained the coping mechanism by the stress cycle where an individual’s perception of the stressful situation decides how he would cope with it (Anshel, … The Lazarus Stress and Coping Theory offer an interesting way for you to understand and approach your stress in life. It is ‘a theory of emotion which implicates peoples personal interpretation of an event in determining their emotional reaction’ (psychcentral, 2014). Developed in 1984, Lazarus stress is defined as … A theory is an explanation of observations (Babbie, 2004) that can show us how to intervene (Burr, 1995), predict behavior, and guide research. Lazarus' Theory of Stress Lazarus' Theory of Stress Richard Lazarus and Susan Folkman suggested in 1984 that stress can be thought of as resulting from an “imbalance between demands and resources” or as occurring when “pressure exceeds one's perceived ability to cope”. As yet, this theory has not been explicitly tested, but in the future, it has a great deal of potential in occupational stress research. The Richard Lazarus and Susan Folkman Model For Stress. Unlike the GAS model of stress, the Cognitive Appraisal Theory of stress focuses on an individual’s cognition of a stressor which informs their emotional response. The Person-Environment Fit theory is one of the earliest interactional theories of work-related psychological distress, suggesting that work-related stress arises due to a lack of fit between the individual’s skills, resources and abilities, and the demands of the work environment (Caplan 1987, French, Caplan and Van Harrison 1982). References: Barling, J., … Response Theories and Research. Stress Appraisal Theory Definition. Stress is the problem of the millennium. Because chronic stress responses involve actual physiological changes to body systems and organs, a good bit of attention has been paid to acute physiological stress responses and how they might possibly lead to subsequent chronic stress responses (McEwen and Stellar, 1993). There are different types of theories… According to their theory, stress coping implies an intricate process of thinking and assigning meaning to it. Shahsavarani A. et al, Stress: Facts and Theories through Literature Review International Journal of Medical Reviews, Volume 2, Issue 2, Spring 2015 231 cortical functions. People differ in how they construe what is happening to them and their options for coping. But a particular environmental change (a demand or an event) may be perceived by one person as stressful and by another as benign. Stress appraisal theory is concerned with individuals’ evaluation of the event, rather than with the event per se. Although Edwards’s theory is complex, it is also much better at describing the stress process in real time than many other stress theories. Stress appraisal refers to the process by which individuals evaluate and cope with a stressful event. stress theory as the title acknowledges that, although sometimes stress is of crisis proportions, stress is not always of that severity. 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